57-8a-226. Board meetings -- Open Meetings

(1) Except for an action taken without a meeting in accordance with Section 16-6a-813, a board may take action only at a board meeting.

(2) (a) At least 48 hours before a board meeting, the association shall give written notice of the board meeting via email to each lot owner who requests notice of a board meeting, unless:
            (i) notice of the board meeting is included in a board meeting schedule that was previously provided to the lot owner; or
            (ii)(A) the board meeting is to address an emergency; and
                  (B) each board member receives notice of the board meeting less than 48 hours before the board meeting.
      (b) A notice described in Subsection (2)(a) shall:
            (i) be delivered to the lot owner by email, to the email address that the lot owner provides to the board or the association;
            (ii) state the time and date of the board meeting;
            (iii) state the location of the board meeting; and
            (iv) if a board member may participate by means of electronic communication, provide the information necessary to allow the lot owner to participate by the available means of electronic communication.

(3)(a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), a board meeting shall be open to each lot owner or the lot owner's representative if the representative is designated in writing.
      (b) A board may close a board meeting to:
            (i) consult with an attorney for the purpose of obtaining legal advice; 
            (ii) discuss ongoing or potential litigation, mediation, arbitration, or administrative proceedings;
            (iii) discuss a personnel matter; 
            (iv) discuss a matter relating to contract negotiations, including review of a bid or proposal; 
            (v) discuss a matter that involves an individual if the discussion is likely to cause the individual undue embarrassment or violate the individual's reasonable expectation of privacy; or
            (vi) discuss a delinquent assessment or fine.
      (c) Any matter discussed at a board meeting closed pursuant to Subsection (3)(b)(ii) is not subject to discovery in a civil action in a state court under the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.

(4)(a) At each board meeting, the board shall provide each lot owner a reasonable opportunity to offer comments.
      (b) The board may limit the comments described in Subsection (4)(a) to one specific time period during the board meeting.

(5) A board member may not avoid or obstruct the requirements of this section.

(6) Nothing in this section shall affect the validity or enforceability of an action of a board.

(7)(a) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(b), the provisions of this section do not apply during the period of administrative control.
      (b) During the period of administrative control, the association shall hold a meeting that complies with Subsections (1) though (5):
            (i) at least once each year; and
            (ii) each time the association:
                  (A) increases a fee; or
                  (B) raises an assessment.

(8) The provisions of this section apply regardless of when the association's first governing document was recorded.

(9)(a) Subject to Subsection (9)(d), if an association fails to comply with a provision of Subsections (1) through (5) and fails to remedy the noncompliance during the 90-day period described in Subsection (9)(d), a lot owner may file an action in court for:
            (i) injunctive relief requiring the association to comply with the provisions of Subsections (1) through (5); 
            (ii) $500 or actual damages, whichever is greater; or 
            (iii) any other relief provided by law.
      (b) In an action described in Subsection (9)(a), the court may award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing party.
      (c) Upon motion from the lot owner, notice to the association, and a hearing in which the court finds a likelihood that the association has failed to comply with a provision of Subsections (1) through (5), the court may order the association to immediately comply with the provisions of Subsections (1) through (5).
      (d) At least 90 days before the day on which a lot owner files an action described in Subsection (9)(a), the lot owner shall deliver a written notice to the association that states:
            (i) the lot owner's name, address, telephone number, and email address;
            (ii) each requirement of Subsections (1) through (5) with which the association has failed to comply; 
            (iii) a demand that the association comply with each requirement with which the association has failed to comply; and
            (iv) a date by which the association shall remedy the association's noncompliance that is at least 90 days after the day on which the lot owner delivers the notice to the association.

Enacted 2015, ch. 387, eff. July 1, 2015.  Amended 2017, ch.'s 131 and 284, eff. May 9, 2017.

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Questions and Answers   

# What constitutes a "remedy"?kaayo 2020-06-19 14:13
If an HOA failed to notify an owner of a Board meeting, as he previously requested, and the owner emails the HOA a notice of non-compliance and demand for compliance, what does it mean for the HOA to “remedy the noncompliance during the 90-day period…?” The damage is already done (the owner missed that meeting).
Curtis G. Kimble, esq.
# RE: What constitutes a "remedy"?Curtis G. Kimble, esq. 2020-06-19 17:53
In such a scenario, an association would remedy the noncompliance by providing notice to the owner of each subsequent board meeting after the 90-day notice. As you say, the damage is already done as to a prior meeting.

It’s possible a board could remedy it by holding a new meeting and discussing and deciding the same things all over again from the prior meeting. But, the statute specifically says nothing in the statute shall affect the validity or enforceability of an action of a board. So, the statute does not require a board to deem a prior decision null and void and hold a new meeting to discuss and decide the issue all over again.

So, again, an HOA would remedy the noncompliance by providing notice of future board meetings (or by making future board meetings open to owners or by including an owner comment period, in cases where those were the issues of noncompliance).

If the owner was harmed or damaged (legally) in some way that wouldn’t have occurred if the owner was at the board meeting, it’s possible the board would be required to hold that meeting again and provide notice beforehand to the owner. But, since owners don’t have the right to participate in board decisions, I’m not sure how an owner could be harmed or damaged. There is a required owner comment period at board meetings, but nothing requires it to be before board decisions are made.
# 90 days to "get act together" for future meetingskaayo 2020-06-19 18:56
So, any time in the future, after the 90 days, if the HOA again fails to comply as warned, the owner could file the described action in court, right?(No need for renewal, so to speak, of either the initial request, nor the warning?)
Curtis G. Kimble, esq.
# RE: 90 days to "get act together" for future meetingsCurtis G. Kimble, esq. 2020-06-22 16:23
That is how I read the statute, yes.

Although it’s possible for an HOA to remedy such a noncompliance of the notice requirement by holding the same meeting again and this time with prior notice to the requesting homeowner, that scenario is not the one necessarily contemplated by the statute, as discussed above.

Rather, the HOA must comply going forward and is now on notice of that fact and the owner does not need to renew the initial request or the 90-day notice as a general matter.

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